Categorie archief: English texts

The case against degrowth

Degrowth can be defined as the planned reduction (through policy interventions) of production and consumption in high-income countries, in order to reduce the environmental impact. If the production and consumption is measured in terms of resource throughput, we are talking … Lees verder

Geplaatst in English texts | Tags: , | 6 reacties

The priority for strong personal-state preferences (and implications for wild animal welfare)

This article describes a very fundamental idea in ethics: that we should give priority to the satisfaction of the strongest personal-state preferences. A personal-state preference is a preference held by an individual that refers to the state of that individual, … Lees verder

Geplaatst in English texts | Tags: | Een reactie plaatsen

Some inconsistencies in food environmentalism

Sometimes environmentalists propose ineffective measures to improve public health and environmental sustainability. These ineffective measures are the result of irrational opinions held by those environmentalists. Sometimes these irrationalities consist of clear and simple inconsistencies in their ideas. Finding these inconsistencies … Lees verder

Geplaatst in English texts | Tags: , , , , , , | Een reactie plaatsen

My top ideas of 2021

It is time to look back at 2021, to see what are my most important new insights. My two top picks for this year are both within moral philosophy. Interestingly, those two ideas have the same underlying structure. They both … Lees verder

Geplaatst in Blog, English texts | Tags: , , , , , , | Een reactie plaatsen

The two intrinsic rights that restrict utilitarianism

A more elaborate article about the new theory of complaint-free discounted utilitarianism, which includes everyone having a right to discount utilities of others as long as that does not generate valid complaints, can be read here. Let us start with … Lees verder

Geplaatst in Artikels, English texts | Tags: , , , , | 1 reactie

Person-affecting neutral-range utilitarianism

Summary In many examples, such as procreation, animal farming, climate change and catastrophic risks, our choices not only influence the welfare of other sentient beings in the future, but also influence their very existence. To determine what is the best … Lees verder

Geplaatst in Blog, English texts | Tags: | 3 reacties

Why we need to herbivorize predators

Let us start with three assumptions that almost everyone (especially animal rights activists) agrees on. First, we value at least one of the following individualistic values (i.e. values that apply to individuals): welfare, well-being, preference satisfaction, autonomy, liberty, health, the … Lees verder

Geplaatst in English texts | Tags: , | Een reactie plaatsen

Unwanted arbitrariness, dictatorship and discrimination

Everyone who makes a choice has to avoid unwanted arbitrariness as much as possible. This is a fundamental principle in ethics, in the sense that it applies to all moral choices. This anti-arbitrariness principle is the reason why dictatorship and … Lees verder

Geplaatst in English texts | Tags: , , , | 1 reactie

The problem of possible populations: animal farming, sustainability, extinction and the repugnant conclusion

A personal note Population ethics is terribly difficult. My personal journey started ten years ago with a very simple theory called ‘average utilitarianism’. This theory is simple enough to express in one line: choose the option that maximizes the average … Lees verder

Geplaatst in Artikels, English texts | Tags: , , | 1 reactie

An ethical minefield. Stepping from the worst to the best population ethical theories

About ten years ago, during my studies in moral philosophy, I encountered the area of population ethics. It is clearly one of the most tricky areas in ethics, a minefield of very counterintuitive conclusions. But it is also one of … Lees verder

Geplaatst in Artikels, English texts | Tags: , | 2 reacties