Tagarchief: well-being

On the interpersonal comparison of well-being, part 2

In a previous article I discussed the possibility of comparing the levels of well-being between different individuals. This is a crucial problem if we want to compare levels of suffering and happiness between different animals such as humans, insects, fish … Lees verder

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The problem of counting persons and conscious experiences

Introduction All else equal, saving two people is better than saving one person, two hours of pain is worse than one hour of pain and an election candidate that has two votes from two people is more likely to win … Lees verder

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On the interpersonal comparability of well-being

This is a simplified, introductory text to ‘Why I became a utilitarian’ and ‘Variable critical level utilitarianism’. For a follow up, see ‘On the interpersonal comparability of well-being, part 2‘   The problem of interpersonal comparability Is your feeling of … Lees verder

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Why I became a utilitarian

Abstract In this article I explain how a specific utilitarian theory (variance normalized variable critical level rule preference utilitarianism that says we have to choose the situation that maximizes the sum of everyone’s just-noticeable difference normalized self-determined relative utilities) avoids … Lees verder

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Thought experiment: which dream do you prefer?

Imagine, before you go to sleep, I offer you a choice between different pills. If you take the black pill, you will not have a dream tonight. You will remain in a deep, unconscious sleep without experiences. There are no … Lees verder

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The minimum complaint theory and maximum autonomy

The minimum complaint theory The minimum complaint theory is a new moral theory that avoids a lot of problems in welfare ethics and population ethics. It is probably the strongest ethical theory in the sense that it can be most … Lees verder

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A rational approach to improve worldwide well-being

Abstract The existence of optical illusions demonstrates that our senses cannot always be trusted. But neither can we always trust our intuitions and judgments. There are cognitive biases such as moral illusions: spontaneous, intuitive moral judgments that are very persistent, … Lees verder

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The minimum complaint theory: the strongest moral theory? (Short summary)

The minimum complaint theory states that we should choose the options that generate the least amount of valid complaints. It is probably the strongest ethical theory in the sense that it is most preferred by everyone, is the easiest to … Lees verder

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The population ethics trilemma

Population ethics and the welfare function Population ethics studies the optimal welfare distributions in situations where the population size is variable or where our choices influence who will exist in the future. The problem of population ethics is that we … Lees verder

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Saving children versus preventing unwanted pregnancies

What should an effective altruist do: save children or prevent unwanted pregnancies? According to the charity evaluator GiveWell, one of the most cost effective health charities is the Against Malaria Foundation. This organization distributes bed nets against malaria. Saving a … Lees verder

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